- The benefit to children of having a meaningful relationship with both parents.
- The need to protect the child from physical or psychological harm from being subjected to, or exposed to, abuse, neglect or family violence.
- The Court is required to give greater weight to the consideration of the need to protect children from harm.
- The child’s views and factors that might affect those views, such as the child’s maturity and level of understanding.
- The child’s relationship with each parent and other people, including grandparents and other relatives.
- The willingness and ability of each parent to facilitate and encourage a close and continuing relationship between the child and the other parent.
- The likely effect on the child of changed circumstances, including separation from a parent or person with whom the child has been living, including a grandparent or other relatives.
- The practical difficulty and expense of a child spending time with and communicating with a parent.
- Each parent’s ability (and that of any other person) to provide for the child’s needs.
- The maturity, sex, lifestyle and background of the child and of either of the child’s parents, and any other characteristics of the child that the Court thinks are relevant.
- The right of an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander child to enjoy his or her culture and the impact a proposed parenting order may have on that right.
- The attitude of each parent to the child and to the responsibilities of parenthood.
- Any family violence involving the child or a member of the child’s family.
- Any family violence order that applies to the child or a member of the child’s family, if:
- the order is a final order, or
- the making of the order was contested by a person.
- Whether it would be preferable to make the order that would be least likely to lead to further court applications and hearings in relation to the child.
- Any other fact or circumstance that the Court thinks is relevant.
A court must consider the extent to which each parent has or has not previously met their parental responsibilities, in particular:
- taken the opportunity to:
- participate in decision-making about major long-term issues about the child
- spend time with the child.
- communicate with the child, and has:
- met their obligations to maintain the child, and
- facilitated (or not) the other parent’s involvement in these aspects of the child’s life.
If the child’s parents have separated, a court must consider events and circumstances since the separation.